South Australia’s Strategic Plan is comprised of 100 targets. These targets are specific and measurable and enable us to measure our progress towards achieving the Plan’s visions and goals.

Each target is reported on through this section of the website. Data is analysed and uploaded as it becomes available.


59. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction:

Achieve the Kyoto target by limiting the state's greenhouse gas emissions to 108% of 1990 levels during 2008-2012, as a first step towards reducing emissions by 60% (to 40% of 1990 levels) by 2050

Key Measure


Explanatory Comments

South Australia has achieved its Kyoto target of restricting emissions levels to less than 36.4 Mt CO2-e through to 2012.

Progress towards 2050 target
South Australia’s net greenhouse gas emissions (emissions sources less sinks), including emissions associated with electricity flows between States and Territories, were 29.25 million tonnes (29.25 Mt) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) in 2012/13.

There have been a number of significant changes in the 2012/13 inventory as a result of revised United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Kyoto Protocol second commitment period reporting methodology.

The 1989/90 baseline has been revised to 32.31 Mt of CO2-e (after rounding) due to changes in the methodology for calculating emissions in the Australian National Greenhouse Inventory. Net greenhouse gas emissions in South Australia in 2012/13 were 9%, or 3 Mt lower (after rounding) than the revised 1989/1990 baseline.

Energy use is the dominant source of emissions (75 per cent of the overall emissions inventory), with 35 per cent of total energy-related emissions attributed to electricity generation (including imports/exports associated with the interstate interconnector) and 30 per cent attributed to transport fuels. The increase in renewable energy continues to contribute to a fall in emissions from the energy sector.

Agriculture is the next largest emitter, contributing 19 per cent of the State’s total emissions. The primary industries sector, including forestry and some forms of agricultural land use, play an important role in storing carbon.

Contributing to the reduction in emissions is a decline in emissions attributable to the agricultural and waste sectors since 1990, along with an increase in abatement in the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector, which has reversed from an emission source prior to 1990, to a significant sink of 2.99 Mt of CO2-e in 2012/2013. This reduction reflects a move from an emissions source due to deforestation in 1990 to an emissions sink from revegetation and new forestry plantings to 2012/13.

Source: Australian National Greenhouse Inventory, May 2015 -

Lead Agency

Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources