78. Healthy South Australians:
Increase the life expectancy of South Australians
Note: There has been a consistent increase in life expectancy of South Australians since 2002, showing an ongoing improvement in average length of life for both males and females, noting a steady female life expectancy between 2013-2014.
This indicator has changed since the 2012 update from health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) to life expectancy. These two indicators are very closely related, as population mortality is by far the main determinant of both, and the two indicators have historically trended in parallel.
HALE will be calculated by the ABS from time to time, which should provide an adequate reflection of this indicator in South Australia. The HALE requires a much greater effort to calculate than life expectancy.
The 2012 state data establishes life expectancy at 79.8 years for men and 84.2 years for women. This should be understood as a summary measure of the age-specific survival of the population in 2012, i.e. the longevity that a newborn baby would have if, throughout its life, it experienced the risk of death that characterised the population in 2012. Given the expected future improvements in health protection and medical care, an actual baby born in 2012 will very likely live longer than these calculated values.