South Australia’s Strategic Plan is comprised of 100 targets. These targets are specific and measurable and enable us to measure our progress towards achieving the Plan’s visions and goals.
Each target is reported on through this section of the website. Data is analysed and uploaded as it becomes available.
Target:85. Chronic diseases:
Increase, by five percentage points, the proportion of people living with a chronic disease whose self-assessed health status is good or better
The percentage of South Australians with a chronic disease who self-assessed their health status as ‘good’ or better has remained relatively stable over recent years meaning achieving the target of 77.6% by 2014 was unlikely to be achieved.
In 2014, the proportion of South Australians with a chronic disease who self-assessed their health status as good or better was 71.6% - a 1% decrease from baseline. Despite this target expiring in 2014, data is still collected and in 2015 there was an increase to 72.3%. Over time, there has been little difference between males and females. In 2015 71.0% of males and 73.2% of females who had a chronic condition self-assessed their health status as good or better.
A working group, with representation from all States and Territories and the Commonwealth, is currently developing a new National Strategic Framework for Chronic Conditions.
The Framework will replace the National Chronic Disease Strategy (2005) and will better cater for shared health determinants, risk factors and multi-morbidities across a broad range of chronic conditions, recognising that there are often similar underlying principles for the prevention and management of many chronic conditions. It will provide the opportunity to consider how best to facilitate coordinated, integrated and multidisciplinary care, and recognise patient needs across the continuum of care. It is envisaged that this framework will be released by the Commonwealth in late April 2016 for public consultation.
A collaborative partnership has been established between SA Health and the South Australian Primary Health Networks to improve the coordination of care and support the provision of best quality care at the right time and in the most appropriate setting. This collaborative partnership focuses on achieving better health outcomes through fostering innovative approaches to system design and service delivery and encouraging sharing of information and resources.
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare defines chronic diseases as diseases that are complex and varied in terms of their nature, how they are caused and the extent of their impact on the community. While some chronic diseases make large contributions to premature death, others contribute more to disability. Some may last indefinitely, whereas others may resolve over time. Features common to most chronic diseases include:
- complex causality, with multiple factors leading to their onset;
- a long development period, some of which may have no symptoms;
- a prolonged course of illness, perhaps leading to other health complications; and
- associated functional impairment or disability.